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Парадигмы современного образования (различные направления)

Publication date: 19.11.2016
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Starygina Svetlana Dmitrievna , candidate of pedagogical sciences , доцент
Nuriev Nail Kashapovich , doctor of pedagogical sciences , профессор, заведующий кафедрой
Kazan research Technological University (KNITU) , Татарстан Респ

«Didactic engineering: new trend in education»

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It is clear that didactic system, more and more becomes a man-machine (cybernetic) learning system with the assistance of artificial intelligence. Didactic Engineering – a methodology (theory, practice, diagnosis) organization to address didactic problems. Therefore, in the framework of didactic engineering problems are solved by the creation of new and effective teaching systems and equipment (technology) training and diagnostic quality of training using engineering methods, working in virtual and real environment (man-made educational environment). Proposed methods of solving of didactic tasks is justified. They are based on well-known in educational psychology and cybernetics fundamental laws, concepts, principles. These may include: «prirodosoobraznosti training», «zone of proximal development», «training on a high level of difficulty," Ashby's law (the law of requisite variety), as well as the established pattern «solution to the problems in three steps». This law allowed to disclose the reasons for the rapid sustainable development of the student, the key invariant ability, the role of knowledge in solving problems, and in general the fact why some people decide to professional problems more successfully than others. Developed can be partially implemented system and technology training of engineers in the metric format competency in a typical shell MOODLE or completely in a specially designed MYKNITU system (myknitu.kstu.ru).