List of publications on a keyword: «озимая рожь»


Сельское хозяйство

Publication date: 13.11.2017
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Galimov Konstantin Arturovich , старший научный сотрудник
Potapova Galina Nikolaevna , candidate of agricultural sciences , ведущий научный сотрудник отдела селекции и семеноводства озимых и яровых зерновых культур
Bezgodov Andrey Victorovich , candidate of agricultural sciences , ведущий научный сотрудник, заведующий отделом семеноводства зерновых культур
Skakovskaya Tatiana Vasilevna , лаборант-исследователь
FSBMI "the Ural Research Agricultural Institute" , Свердловская обл

«Yantarnaya is a new variety of fodder winter rye»

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The article has evaluation of four years observation of the prospective varieties of winter rye Yantarnaya in comparison with the standard in the nursery of the competitive variety trial of the Ural Scientific Research Institute for Agriculture in Yekaterinburg and the results of a two year test in the system of FGBU «Gossortkomissiya». A winter rye is widely used for bread baking mainly. This culture has resistance from negative environmental factors. The main cause of limited use of a winter rye grain for forage is high content water-soluble pentosans over 1.5%. They reduce availability of nutrients to an organism. Creation of varieties with low content of water-soluble pentosans is the rational solution of increase in use of parts of grain of a winter rye in forage production. Together with VIR, a variety with the required characteristics was transferred to the state grade testing. The observation took place in 2013–2017, with contrasts on the weather conditions. According to FGBU «Gossorgkomissiya», the variety has high potential productivity and significantly exceeds same low pentosan variety in the yield.

Publication date: 24.10.2017
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Potapova Galina Nikolaevna , candidate of agricultural sciences , ведущий научный сотрудник отдела селекции и семеноводства озимых и яровых зерновых культур
FSBMI "the Ural Research Agricultural Institute" , Свердловская обл
Ivanova Mariia Sergeevna , преподаватель
Urals State Agrarian University , Свердловская обл

«The influence of sowing period and seeding norm on autumn vegetation, winter hardiness and yield of winter cereal crops»

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The winter wheat and triticale in the middle part of the Ural Mountains haven’t been seeded before. The technology of winter crop cultivation should be improved due to the production of new varieties of winter rye. Winter hardiness and yield of winter rye are higher in comparison with winter triticale and especially with winter wheat. The sowing period and the seeding rate influence the amount of yield and winter hardiness. The winter hardiness of winter cereals and the yield of the rye variety Iset sowed on August 25 and the yield of the triticale variety Bashkir short-stalked and wheat Kazanskaya 560 sowed on August 15 were higher. It is important to sow winter grain in local conditions in the second half of August. The sowing this period allows to provide plants with the necessary amount of positive temperatures (450–500 °C). This helps the plants to form 3–4 shoots of tillering and a mass of 10 dry plants reaching 3–5 grams. The winter grain crops in the middle part of the Ural Mountains should be sown with seeding rates of 6 and 7 million of sprouting grains per 1 ha, and the seeds must be cultivated with fungicidal preparation before seeding.