List of publications on a keyword: «психозы»


Медицинские науки

Publication date: 04.04.2017
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Blium Olga Tikhonovna , врач психиатр-нарколог
ОГБУЗ «Старооскольский наркологический диспансер» , Белгородская обл

«Особенности самосознания больных, страдающих алкоголизмом»

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В статье рассматривается проблема изучения процесса самосознания с точки зрения механизма участвующего в формировании поведения личности, страдающей алкоголизмом. Анализируются преморбидные особенности личности, которые способствуют возникновению алкоголизма, выделяются и описываются характерные особенности самосознания пациентов, перенесших алкогольные психозы. Полученные результаты исследования могут быть использованы в дальнейшем при проведении комплексных лечебно-реабилитационных мероприятий. Выделенные особенности могут выступать мишенями воздействия при коррекции дезадаптивного поведения личности.

Медицина

Publication date: 16.02.2017
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Mrykhin Vladimir Valerievich , candidate of medical sciences , доцент
FSFEI of HE “Rostov State Medical University” of Russia Ministry of Health , Ростовская обл
Antsyborov Andrey Viktorovich , врач психиатр-нарколог
Medical Center "Mobilnaya medicina" , Ростовская обл

«Psychiatric aspects of designer drugs and new psychoactive substances consumption»

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According to the authors, appeared not long ago new psychoactive substances (designer drugs), including synthetic cannabinoids, derivatives of cathinone, phenethylamines, new stimulants, synthetic opioids, tryptamine derivatives, phencyclidine, piperazine, agonists of GABA (A/B) receptors have become a serious problem for both consumers and doctors. Consumers of these substances are attracted primarily by the intensity of psychoactive effects, as well as «legal purity», which is declared by shadow producers. This indicates that there are some significant difficulties of laboratory typing of new surfactants. Designer drugs when ingested, can affect a range of neurotransmitter pathways/receptors: dopamine, cannabinoid (CB1), GABA(A/B), 5-HT2A, glutamate, and k-opioid receptors (KOR), the imbalance of which leads to the development of polymorphic psychotic disorders.

Publication date: 05.04.2017
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Antsyborov Andrey Viktorovich , врач психиатр-нарколог
Medical Center "Mobilnaya medicina" , Ростовская обл
Mrykhin Vladimir Valerievich , candidate of medical sciences , доцент
FSFEI of HE “Rostov State Medical University” of Russia Ministry of Health , Ростовская обл

«Synthetic cannabinoid: prevalence, mechanisms of addiction development, mental disorders associated with the use of synthetic cannabinoid»

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According to the authors among the new psychoactive substances, the number of which is growing every year, despite the measures aimed at the obstacles to their dissemination there discovered the most frequent violations of psychotic conditions associated with use of synthetic cannabinoid in clinical practice. On the black market, they are distributed through online shops, under the guise of herbal mixtures for Smoking. When ingested, this group of drugs at the peak of intoxication raises a number of mental (different according to the depth of impaired consciousness, auditory and visual hallucinations, panic attacks, acute psychotic paranoid disorders, catatonic stupor, polar affective disorders, acute polythematic delusional symptoms) and somatic disorders (disorders of heart rhythm and conduction, acute ischemic disorders, hypertension, depression of respiratory activity, violation of thermoregulation, development of acute renal failure, vomiting, expressed cephalgia, clinic of hypokalemia). In the reviewed literature and authors own observations there have been discovered some cases of mental addiction development to synthetic cannabinoids. The analysis of new literature data and own clinical observations helped the authors to compare the psychotropic effects caused by this group of drugs, relative to other known surfactants. The toxic effects of CSC on the body greatly exceeds the use of plant cannabinoids, and it has almost the same effects as the synthetic cathinone’s. The speed of formation of psychological dependence is lower compared to synthetic cathinone. Developing current strategies for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of patients who use synthetic cannabinoids remains an important task for practical healthcare.

Publication date: 10.04.2017
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Antsyborov Andrey Viktorovich , врач психиатр-нарколог
Medical Center "Mobilnaya medicina" , Ростовская обл
Mrykhin Vladimir Valerievich , candidate of medical sciences , доцент
FSFEI of HE “Rostov State Medical University” of Russia Ministry of Health , Ростовская обл

«Synthetic cannabinoids: new matrix addiction»

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The majority of synthetic cannabinoids (SC), belongs to the group of so-called designer drugs distributed through illegal online shopping. The first reports of this group of psychoactive substances appeared in the 70s of the last century. Today, according to various estimates, there are over 160 varieties of synthetic cannabinoids, and this figure is increasing annually due to the synthesis of new substances in the group. This group of substances is designed to «copy» the psychoactive effects of cannabis. Initially, these substances were created solely for research purposes, to study the endocannabinoid system of the person. Natural THC is a partial agonist of cannabinoid receptors. Synthetic cannabinoids are full agonists CB1R and CB2R types of cannabinoid receptors. Most countries in the world, including Russia, at the legislative level have taken restrictive measures for preventing the spread of this group of substances. In order to circumvent the legislative measures, the producers of synthetic cannabinoids regularly changing the chemical formula. Each year, an increasing number of emergency hospital admissions associated with the use of synthetic cannabinoids in the peer-reviewed literature describes the deaths directly attributable to medical complications after taking synthetic cannabinoids. Numerous studies have proven the possibility of developing psychological dependence due to the use of synthetic cannabinoids. The proposed review of the literature is presented for the purpose of organizing data in the field of synthetic cannabinoids.

Publication date: 04.05.2017
Evaluate the material Average score: 4 (Всего: 2)
Antsyborov Andrey Viktorovich , врач психиатр-нарколог
Medical Center "Mobilnaya medicina" , Ростовская обл
Mrykhin Vladimir Valerievich , candidate of medical sciences , доцент
FSFEI of HE “Rostov State Medical University” of Russia Ministry of Health , Ростовская обл

«Synthetic cathinone “bath salts”: the mechanism of action, toxicological aspects, clinic, dependence development»

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According to the authors synthetic cathinone is a new class of designer drugs with psychoactive effect at the peak of intoxication which can cause hallucinatory disorders, acute paranoid disorders of psychotic level, the development of delirious disorders, affective disorders comparable to cocaine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and other drugs with amphetamine-like effect. The first reports of synthetic cathinone appeared in early 2009. On the black market, these substances were marketed as «bath salts». The legislation of the European countries have been carrying these substances to the drug since 2010, in the United States synthetic cathinone has been included in the list of narcotic substances since 2011, in the Russian Federation, these substances can be attributed to narcotic according to the Decree of the RF Government dated 31 December 2009 №1186 «About modification of some resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation on issues related to trafficking in narcotic drugs». Recent clinical studies indicate dysregulation effect of synthetic cathinone’s on central monoamine system, which is one of the main mechanisms of synthetic cathinone’s action, and is the basis of behavioral disorders due to use. The review provides data about the chemical structure of synthetic cathinone’s, mechanisms of addiction, toxicology, clinical aspects of use.