List of publications on a keyword: «cathinone»


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Publication date: 16.02.2017
Evaluate the material Average score: 3 (Всего: 3)
Mrykhin Vladimir Valerievich , candidate of medical sciences , доцент
FSFEI of HE “Rostov State Medical University” of Russia Ministry of Health , Ростовская обл
Antsyborov Andrey Viktorovich , врач психиатр-нарколог
Medical Center "Mobilnaya medicina" , Ростовская обл

«Psychiatric aspects of designer drugs and new psychoactive substances consumption»

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According to the authors, appeared not long ago new psychoactive substances (designer drugs), including synthetic cannabinoids, derivatives of cathinone, phenethylamines, new stimulants, synthetic opioids, tryptamine derivatives, phencyclidine, piperazine, agonists of GABA (A/B) receptors have become a serious problem for both consumers and doctors. Consumers of these substances are attracted primarily by the intensity of psychoactive effects, as well as «legal purity», which is declared by shadow producers. This indicates that there are some significant difficulties of laboratory typing of new surfactants. Designer drugs when ingested, can affect a range of neurotransmitter pathways/receptors: dopamine, cannabinoid (CB1), GABA(A/B), 5-HT2A, glutamate, and k-opioid receptors (KOR), the imbalance of which leads to the development of polymorphic psychotic disorders.

Publication date: 28.07.2017
Evaluate the material Average score: 4 (Всего: 3)
Antsyborov Andrey Viktorovich , врач психиатр-нарколог
Medical Center "Mobilnaya medicina" , Ростовская обл
Asadulin Azat Railevich , candidate of medical sciences , доцент
FSBEI HE "Bashkir State Medical University" of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation , Башкортостан Респ

«Psychoactive effects and toxic reactions associated with the use of mephedrone and methylone (review)»

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One of the most common classes among new psychoactive substances are substituted cathinones. The most popular substances among consumers, representatives of this class, are mephedrone and methylone. In this review, the accumulated scientific data on clinical effects, side effects, mechanisms of action associated with the use of methylone and mephedrone are systematized. When writing the review, two representative databases were used to find the scientific sources of PubMed and Google Scholar. The authors also used data from the site Erowid Center (non-profit educational organization in the United States, which provides information on psychoactive plants and chemicals). The literature search was conducted between 2005 and 2015.

Publication date: 13.01.2017
Evaluate the material Average score: 4 (Всего: 4)
Mrykhin Vladimir Valerievich , candidate of medical sciences , доцент
FSFEI of HE “Rostov State Medical University” of Russia Ministry of Health , Ростовская обл
Antsyborov Andrey Viktorovich , врач психиатр-нарколог
Medical Center "Mobilnaya medicina" , Ростовская обл

«Designer drugs: a brief history of the attempt to systematize on the example of «spice» and «salts» (review)»

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The article reviews Russian and international literature on synthetic (designer) drugs. A special place is given to the most common designer drugs-synthetic cathinones («salts») and synthetic cannabinoids («spice»). On the basis of this literature the authors analyse the chemical structure of synthetic cathinones and synthetic cannabinoids, the psychoactive effects of these substances on the body, the ability to produce mental, somatic and neurological disorders.

Publication date: 05.04.2017
Evaluate the material Average score: 4 (Всего: 1)
Antsyborov Andrey Viktorovich , врач психиатр-нарколог
Medical Center "Mobilnaya medicina" , Ростовская обл
Mrykhin Vladimir Valerievich , candidate of medical sciences , доцент
FSFEI of HE “Rostov State Medical University” of Russia Ministry of Health , Ростовская обл

«Synthetic cannabinoid: prevalence, mechanisms of addiction development, mental disorders associated with the use of synthetic cannabinoid»

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According to the authors among the new psychoactive substances, the number of which is growing every year, despite the measures aimed at the obstacles to their dissemination there discovered the most frequent violations of psychotic conditions associated with use of synthetic cannabinoid in clinical practice. On the black market, they are distributed through online shops, under the guise of herbal mixtures for Smoking. When ingested, this group of drugs at the peak of intoxication raises a number of mental (different according to the depth of impaired consciousness, auditory and visual hallucinations, panic attacks, acute psychotic paranoid disorders, catatonic stupor, polar affective disorders, acute polythematic delusional symptoms) and somatic disorders (disorders of heart rhythm and conduction, acute ischemic disorders, hypertension, depression of respiratory activity, violation of thermoregulation, development of acute renal failure, vomiting, expressed cephalgia, clinic of hypokalemia). In the reviewed literature and authors own observations there have been discovered some cases of mental addiction development to synthetic cannabinoids. The analysis of new literature data and own clinical observations helped the authors to compare the psychotropic effects caused by this group of drugs, relative to other known surfactants. The toxic effects of CSC on the body greatly exceeds the use of plant cannabinoids, and it has almost the same effects as the synthetic cathinone’s. The speed of formation of psychological dependence is lower compared to synthetic cathinone. Developing current strategies for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of patients who use synthetic cannabinoids remains an important task for practical healthcare.

Publication date: 04.05.2017
Evaluate the material Average score: 4 (Всего: 2)
Antsyborov Andrey Viktorovich , врач психиатр-нарколог
Medical Center "Mobilnaya medicina" , Ростовская обл
Mrykhin Vladimir Valerievich , candidate of medical sciences , доцент
FSFEI of HE “Rostov State Medical University” of Russia Ministry of Health , Ростовская обл

«Synthetic cathinone “bath salts”: the mechanism of action, toxicological aspects, clinic, dependence development»

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According to the authors synthetic cathinone is a new class of designer drugs with psychoactive effect at the peak of intoxication which can cause hallucinatory disorders, acute paranoid disorders of psychotic level, the development of delirious disorders, affective disorders comparable to cocaine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and other drugs with amphetamine-like effect. The first reports of synthetic cathinone appeared in early 2009. On the black market, these substances were marketed as «bath salts». The legislation of the European countries have been carrying these substances to the drug since 2010, in the United States synthetic cathinone has been included in the list of narcotic substances since 2011, in the Russian Federation, these substances can be attributed to narcotic according to the Decree of the RF Government dated 31 December 2009 №1186 «About modification of some resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation on issues related to trafficking in narcotic drugs». Recent clinical studies indicate dysregulation effect of synthetic cathinone’s on central monoamine system, which is one of the main mechanisms of synthetic cathinone’s action, and is the basis of behavioral disorders due to use. The review provides data about the chemical structure of synthetic cathinone’s, mechanisms of addiction, toxicology, clinical aspects of use.