List of publications on a keyword: «XVIII century»


[07.00.00] Исторические науки и археология

Publication date: 22.12.2016
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Benda Vldimir Bikolaevich , candidate of historical sciences , associate professor
Pushkin Leningrad State University , Санкт-Петербург г

«Controversial issues in Russian historiography concerning the origin and development of the system of training of artillery personnel In Saint-Petersburg in the first half of the XVIII century»

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There are some discrepancies and inaccuracies in the interpretation of certain events associated with the establishment and operation of schools and the organization of the educational process in them in the military-historical literature and other sources dealing with the military special schools’ foundation in St. Petersburg, where the training for the artillery corps had been provided during the first half of the eighteenth century. In particular, it is argued that the Saint-Petersburg artillery school «for Pushkarsk children» was established on May 20, 1730. In this article, the author, based on the study of new archival sources, specifies the date of establishment of this school. Scientific work also aims to complete the existing information about the organization and the activities of the artillery military special schools in St. Petersburg during this period. In addition, for the first time some archival sources are being introduced into scientific circulation.

Всеобщая история

Publication date: 21.09.2017
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Benda Vldimir Bikolaevich , candidate of historical sciences , associate professor
Pushkin Leningrad State University , Санкт-Петербург г

«Artillery and artillery science at times of Catherine the Great»

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The article presents a brief historical review of works published in different periods. These works contain the analysis of the Russian artillery state and military science development, including artillery science during the period under consideration. The author pays attention to different sources dealing with this problem. The article provides contradictory conclusions and estimations characterizing, first of all, the Russian artillery state during the reign of Catherine the Great.

История

Publication date: 15.02.2017
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Benda Vldimir Bikolaevich , candidate of historical sciences , associate professor
Pushkin Leningrad State University , Санкт-Петербург г

«To the problem of evaluation of «foreign» influence on the development of the Russian state scientific and military school in the reign of Peter the Great»

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In pre-revolutionary, Soviet and modern Russian historiography the problem of evaluation of «foreign» influence in various periods in the development of Russia is more than actual, and thoroughly represented. The author notes that in this period, one of the areas of such influence was the activities of foreign («foreign») both military and civilian professionals of various profile and level, invited to the Russian service at the end of the XVII–XVIII centuries. In his article, the author, based on the study of new archival and other sources, attempts to evaluate the «pros» and «cons» of foreign influence, primarily on the development of the Russian state military science and military schools, as well as to strengthen the defense of the state during the first quarter of the XVIII century. In addition, for the first time the article introduces some archival sources into scientific circulation.

Культурология и искусствоведение

Publication date: 17.01.2018
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Aleksandrova Anna Dmitrievna , postgraduate student
FSFEI of HE “Russian State Humanitarian University” , Москва г

«Symbols and Emblemata. Peter the First»

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The article is devoted to the study of the emergence of the concept of «symbol» in Russian culture of the XVIII century. The idea of introducing symbols into the culture, allowed not only the extollment of the secular over the religious, but also the strengthening of the right to power. Appealing to the book «Symbols and Emblemata» allows us to consider the ideas of Peter the First in the framework of cultural discourse.