it is important to describe not movement of a heavenly body on an orbit, and to understand the reasons of its movement and those power potential systems and forces which operate this movement, that not always allow to make the differential equations simply. It is important to represent also graphically changes of key parameters of any heavenly body addressing around of the Center. Centrifugal and centripetal forces – the main forces of one order working on a heavenly body, addressing around of the Center. Present article also is devoted to this, and, all parameters in algebraic expressions are...
solar system research should start from observing the Earth and the surrounding space. Such relevant parameters as mass (of the Earth and the Moon), average distance (between the Earth and the Moon, between the Sun and planetary system “Earth”) and the period of rotation (of the planetary systems “Moon – Earth” and “Earth – Sun”) are the base for our research. Thus, we can put interdependent key parameters values of all planetary systems in order, taking the Earth parameters as a zero point.
the article aims to consider the reason why a celestial body moves along the solar system orbit and the features of this movement. Moreover, the paper discovers those potential energy systems, which manage the movement of a celestial body. Critical parameters’ changes of a celestial body rotating around the Center are graphically represented. All the parameters in algebraic expressions are considered to be dependent from each other and, primarily, from the proximity of «radius-vector» of a celestial body place and the focus of an elliptic orbit.
the authors proceeding from Marx's two product model of public reproduction consider: 1) necessary and additional labour and working hours; 2) necessary and a surplus value; 3) productive force and labour productivity; 4) division 1 (manufacture of the capital) and division 2 (manufacture of the income); 5) a fixed capital (public means of work), as productive force of a society and the income (consumer goods or vital means of a society), as a working capital of a society. The researches also show the structural formula of the end-product of society.
авторы рассматривают объективно складывающиеся пропорции общественного производительного капитала под давлением разделения труда и стоимостных отношений в общественном организме, что воплощается в структурной формуле конечного продукта общества.
the authors discuss productive forces of a society – work and capital, as well as two intermediaries: the intermediary between the world of the nature and the person – means of work or “fixed capital” of a society, as productive force of social activities, and the intermediary inside a society – cost in the form of money that allows to define labour productivity and structural transformations in a society.
the authors consider two intermediaries: the intermediary between the world of the nature and the person – means of work or "fixed capital" of a society as productive force of social activities, and the intermediary inside a society – cost in the form of money without what it is impossible to define labour productivity and structural transformations in a society. The article gives engineering understanding of productive force and productivity of the process equipment by the example of calculation and a choice of the automatic transfer line.
the authors consider concepts “productive force” and “labour productivity” on the concrete example taken from the literature, and pay reader’s attention to “entertaining arithmetic” or mess that economists might have while observing scientific definitions of these concepts in practice. The authors give the understanding of these economic categories.