Tasks of the paleostruktural analysis have not only theoretical and practical, but also didactic value. It is caused by specifics of simultaneous use of stratigraphical and geochronological scales and applications of methods of the tectonic analysis of geological record taking into account facies. The solution of problem of search of anticlinal traps of oil with use of the paleostruktural analysis and methods of historical geotectonics surely is followed by the facial analysis.
New educational standards of the higher school assume significant increase in hours of independent work of students. These hours are used for the solution of creative tasks, student's scientific researches. Students study requirements imposed to formulations of scientific definitions, use the subject and predicate analysis in the solution of problems of classification of definitions of facies, choose or make such definition of facies which is used further as the instrument of creation of facial
microsoft Power Point – это наиболее распространённая и популярная программа для мультимедийных презентаций лекционного материала. Мультимедиа технологии, используемые в лекционных курсах Пермского классического университета и Пермского медицинского университета не ограничиваются этой программой, поскольку типовая программа выстраивает консервативную последовательность слайдов, которая требует значительного времени для обновления информации. Поэтому вместе с этой программой авторы использует другие приёмы. К ним относятся, например, презентация ранжированной последовательности сканированных фа...
The Scale of Stages of Geoastronomical Chronology describing chronology of events from (13,72±0,12) billion years to the present  is as a result received. On Scale of Stages of Geoastronomical Chronology possible to designate time of existence of taxon the Empire of Life on Earth (Imperii Vitae Tellus) as part of interval of time of existence of taxon the Empire Life (Imperium Vita) as taxon the Empire Life is more on volume, than taxon the Empire of Life on Earth.
The Stratigraphic indexes from the Stratigraphic Code of Russian Federation substantially became outdated. Instead of them the updated indexes of tiers formed by letters of Latin of the English alphabet are offered. Changes as a part of tiers in the general stratigraphic scale of the Russian Federation are considered.
At the Geological Faculty of the Perm State National Research University reports on several geological sections annually are heard. The traditional section "Geology in English" works. Participation in conference in English helps students and graduate students to gain experience for the subsequent performances at scientific conferences abroad and in Russia.
The tracings of indexes offered by the last two Stratigraphic Codes of the Russian Federation do not create the system of indexes combining the general, regional and local stratigraphic divisions. The "short" indexes which entered practice of stratigraphy under the influence of requirements of cartography do not possess sign of unicity of indexes and specific geological section. Ways of overcoming of the available contradictions are offered.
lithological triangles are used in order to construct a geological lithofacies map under the conditions of significant bore-hole mud weight. The placement of these triangles’ points and their triangular coordinates do not always coincide. Gibbs triangle and Gibbs-Rosebom triangle are used in physical chemistry. The second is better developed. The planimetry theorems are the basis for the rules of constructing and using the triangle. When applying nomographic methods it is suggested to use a standard triangle to construct lithofacies maps (maps with a lithological cut).
The Preural regional deflection passes three stages of development during the Permian Period of the Palaeozoic Era: sea, lagunny and continental. These stages correspond to three stages of geotectonic development. The field route from Perm to Kungur, allows to unite further in the wildlife area Cis-Urals and Ust-Kishertsky district in lectures, laboratory and field researches of the data from fundamental geological disciplines, to illustrate them on laboratory researches and to show on such natural exposures of rocks as Pervogorod, Bershet, Ergach-Sarkayevsky and Falcon, Filippovsky, Kungur Ic...
accuracy and reliability of diagnostics of fossil fauna and flora depend on a form of safety.
Trust degree to reliability of diagnostics of taxons also depend on a form of safety.
At the description of samples often confuse such forms of safety as "print" and "carbonization"
to plants and insects. If to replace the concept "carbonization" or "petrifaction"
with the concept "print", then will follow from this that instead of traces on sand
we reserve parts of the skeleton, and coalfields are formed by "prints" of plants.
Summary: on material of educational collections, and also paleontological collections from an exposition of the museums of Department of the Regional and Oil and Gas Geology of the Perm State University forms of safety of fossils was described. Two systems of the description of forms of safety are compared: domestic and foreign, based on English-speaking terminology.
Summary: idea of the Perm system of rocks as independent and special part of the general international stratigraphic scale entered geological science in 1841, thanks to opening of the Scottish scientist R.I. Murchison. Murchison called a new system of the general stratigraphic scale (and, respectively, the Permian Period of a geochronologic scale) on the Perm province. The short valid name of these divisions – perm. This name was included forever into geological science and practice as outstanding achievement, according to the academician B. S. Sokolov, "a heroic era" of great discovery in geo...
Summary: between the general stratigraphic scale of a phanerozoic eonothem and the general geochronologic scale there is one-to-one correspondence (bijection). For demonstration of bijection the piece of a stratigraphic scale, to the corresponding Phanerozoic is chosen. Expansion of a scale to the Archean inclusive is possible. Bijective scales are united in a geocontinuum which forms with Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, etc. The scale of a new type is made by association of three scales: stratigraphic, geochronologic, geocontinuum scales. The scale of new type possesses wider didact...
Summary: between the general stratigraphy scale of the Permian system and the general geochronologic scale of the Permian there is one-to-one correspondence (so-called "bijection" by the theory of the Cantor). Couples of such divisions are considered: System – Period, Series – Epoch, Stage – Age. For demonstration of bijections the piece of the International Chronostratigraphic Chart corresponding to the Perm system is chosen. Divisions which volume and content are proved by a biostratigraphic method treat the straton possessing property of bijection. The Permian system, its departments, t...
Summary: elements of development of critical thinking of students on examples of the solution of geological tasks of courses of a stratigraphy, the facial analysis, historical geology and paleontology are approved.