Preparation of the USSR for defense in the interwar period (1921-1941), taking into account the generalization of the experience o...
Shortly after the end of the civil war, the Soviet military-economic thought faced a number of military-economic problems. The interests of the country's defense required a deep analysis of the economic problems of the first world war and the civil war, the development of ways and methods of the most painless and rapid transfer of the entire national economy to the military track, the further development of the military-economic science.
статья посвящена проблеме кризиса социально-гуманитарной сферы, свидетельствующей о полной несостоятельности традиционной системы общественного образования и неолиберальной модели построения современного социокультурного пространства. Автор приходит к выводу, что особую актуальность историко-философское осмысление основных цивилизационных особенностей российского образования, национальных приоритетов и исторических перспектив развития образовательного кластера России.
гражданское противостояние на территории Юго‐востока Украины свидетельствуют об исторической несостоятельности современной геополитической стратегии США, подрывающей основы сложившегося после Второй Мировой войны мироустройства. В этой связи приобретает особую актуальность историко-философское осмысление историко‐ цивилизационных особенностей российского сообщества народов, национальных приоритетов и исторических перспектив национально‐государственного развития России, геополитической стратегии И.В. Сталина.
The solution to the problems facing the education system of Sevastopol and the Crimea, is impossible without changing the existing approaches to additional education of teachers and updating it, improving the organisation and management mechanism of this system, as well as improvement of the educational process. In order to ensure quality in order to identify satisfaction of teachers the quality of educational services, it is necessary to introduce a model of feedback.
The most important factor for sustainable and progressive development of the education system of the Crimea and Sevastopol is modernization of system of management of education institutions. The changing socio-economic, legal and regulatory framework taking place in the regional system of education, defined new conditions of management activity in the educational sphere of the Crimea and Sevastopol.
Development of a model of a virtual network community, a leading end, each member of which is full integration of the educational system of the Crimea and Sevastopol in the legal, organizational, methodological and content field of the Russian Federation, should meet the objectives of the consultancy, exchange of experience between colleagues, the selection (at the level of the forecast, and in practical terms) ideas of creation of a modern regional education system.
Research work of students and postgraduates is an important part of the quality assurance system. The volume and structure of knowledge is only one part of the qualitative characteristics of modern education. Therefore, the most important component in the process of formation of future specialists in the system of higher education is research work of students (NIRS).
The concept of Soviet patriotism provided a historical legitimacy and spiritual continuity of the USSR with tsarist Russia in strengthening Russian statehood and protection of national independence of the country. She balanced the necessary proportions between the national patriotism of the Russians and the sense of respect and reverence to all the peoples of Russia.
E-learning is the most democratic form of education that allows you to get an education regardless of place of residence. For the development of distance learning in the Crimea and Sevastopol is required to equip educational organizations of modern information and digital education facilities, and also significantly improve the level of information culture of teachers.
Interdisciplinary interaction history, methods of teaching history and social studies can help students in classical universities and pedagogical universities, school teachers and University professors to systematize knowledge on the theory and methods of teaching history, to master complex techniques and methods of modern historical education.
Initially there was no NEPA as a whole, the system, quite a feature of the concept. In politics it was one of the trends, and the economy is one of its elements. Introduced as anti-crisis rehabilitation program, the NEP, in fact, such was not. Stalin needed an economic base for the Soviet political system, the heterogeneous NEP economy, which confirmed the historic necessity of Stalinist economic policy
The article is devoted to the complex analysis of the concession policy of the Bolsheviks. It is shown that concessions helped to accelerate the economic reconstruction of Soviet Russia and by the very fact of its existence interfered with the interventionist plans of the West.
One of the main outcomes of the war was the new geopolitical situation. It was characterized by a growing confrontation between major capitalist powers and the Soviet Union extended its influence on the several countries of Europe and Asia. The main thing was to consolidate the outcome of world war II in politics and diplomacy, to ensure the security of the country for many years, to ensure the legitimacy of spheres of influence.
Western contribution to domestic production from 1917 to 1930 - significant. The main effort was concentrated on the acquisition of foreign technological processes, training of personnel from politically reliable engineers and the establishment of principles for the organization of research institutions. Transfer aspect of economic modernization of the USSR was successful. From zero production in 1922, the Soviet Union came to restore the pre-revolutionary level in 1928.
SNK in attracting foreign investment expected to increase production and improve technical level of production in sectors of the economy, to reduce unemployment, the recruitment of an industrial proletariat, the proletarian creation of centres in non-industrial areas of the country and the retraining of workers.
In the years of 1939-1940 Stalin decided on a bold geopolitical actions. We are talking about the problem of the territorial growth of the USSR and the Stalinist strategy of management of national margins. For objective study of these actions should address the causes of the separatist processes in the 1920-ies, in the analysis of Stalin and which has shaped its geopolitical strategy.
To understand the Patriotic attitude toward the Fatherland as a methodological basis of the relationship of the original concepts applied to historical and philosophical analysis of the concept of "attitude". The effectiveness of modern research will greatly depend on what is the legitimacy of inclusion of the Patriotic relationship of the individual to the Fatherland in the global system of moral regulation, but also from properly understanding the nature of this relationship.
The multinational Russian civilization was historically established community of peoples, with objectively inherent tointegrate factors and conflictogenity contradictions. Russia is an independent local civilization, are equal and equal to other generally recognized civilizations. The only radical difference is the multi - religious reality, the traditional coexistence of Christianity and Islam.
The main task of the educational system - the curriculum and improving the quality of education to meet the needs of society and prepare graduates. The quality of education - ratio goals and results, expressed as the totality of characteristics that reflect the level of achieved quantitative and qualitative results, the level of organization and implementation of the educational process, the conditions in which it takes place.
What is new, you can learn about our country, about ourselves, if we consider all this through the prism of Russian literature? The school in the study of the elective course "The image of Russia in the Russian literature" under the guidance of the teacher, each student will be able to realize Project- research on a given topic, on the results of which are held regional and national competition "Homeland: near and far."
The problem of studying history is one of the most controversial in the process of modernization of Russian education. In the study of history since 1991 has been dramatic substantive changes compared to other academic subjects, but the historical knowledge is still in the paradigm of the problem of correlation of fundamental science, political ideologies and educational practices.
Today, the domestic education system are fundamentally new spiritual, moral and socio-economic requirements. It is necessary to clearly formulate a national education policy that will achieve the modern quality of education, its conformity to actual and perspective requirements of personality, society, state. It should reflect the national interests in education and to consider the General trends of world development.
The story in its genuine ideological and world Outlook diversity is a powerful generator of development of culture and obstacle to her self-destruction. It can be provided by just a variety of concepts and positions, because truth is born in disputes, and not in the dreary consensus and uniform consensus
Quality is a fundamental category that defines all aspects of the universe, the factors of social structure and human activities. The quality of education is not the same quality training. Assessment of the quality of education involves not only evaluation of educational achievements of students, but also evaluation of quality of educational process.
The rights of the child (Rights of children) – those rights and freedoms that should be possessed by each child (a child is anyone below 18 years), regardless of any distinction: race, sex, language, religion, place of birth, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. The problem of protection of children's rights, the formation of the special procedures of the juvenile has committed illegal actions is not new
The system of international protection of children's rights as an integral part of the protection of human rights developed after the Second world war in the framework of the United Nations, one of the fundamental principles of which was the proclamation of respect for the rights and freedoms of the individual without any discrimination. The principle of respect for human rights was enshrined in the UN Charter
Some of the standards in the field of juvenile justice, in particular those that specifically regulate the issues of imprisonment, confirming the economic, social and cultural rights: a satisfactory provision of food and clothing, access to medical care and education. These rights must be respected without discrimination, regardless of the position of a child.
The contemporary Museum stands out as having creative potential, cultural and leisure environment with an educational component. Involving students in research activities for studying and updating own unique heritage, it contributes to the quality of professional activity of future specialists in the field of Museum and tourist business.
the author of the article points out, that modern civilizational confrontation in the territories of the Former Soviet Union testifies to the historical insolvency of the United States current geopolitical strategy, undermining the foundations of current world order. In this regard, the historical and philosophical understanding of the Soviet community, national priorities and historical perspectives of the national-public development of the USSR in the period between the two world wars is particularly relevant.
What is common in the public consciousness of different periods of our history, why is the restoration of the interrupted continuity in the perception of our complex, but a great last?! Memories of the historical past are forced to think seriously about the greatness of Russia.
The need for regulating professional relations between people will lead to the design of specific requirements of professional ethics. At Moscow University historically high moral standard of the teacher, which drew on the high social status of a scientist and a teacher.
The Assembly plays a leading role in the solution of problems in General education. School - in the broadest sense of the word - should be the most important factor of humanization of social and economic relations, forming of new attitudes of the individual.
in modern scientific literature there are different views about the nature of Russian civilization, the definition of the specific features of Russia as a civilization of the body, about the appropriateness of considering the factor of multi-ethnicity in the study of Russian civilization. The main point of view to the affiliation of our country to one civilization or another
objective to study the evolution of the political views of Stalin on the national question it is necessary to analyze the origins of the negative attitude of Stalin to the federalization of Russia and to discuss differences between V. I. Lenin and I. V. Stalin on key issues of national-state reorganization of Russia, which in the future a decisive influence on the fate of Russian statehood.
the author considers, that the Central activities of the Bolsheviks study convincingly leads to the conclusion that the banner of United Russia was raised by Stalin to solve the specific geopolitical problems of the new Russia-related foreign intervention and Civil war, as well as awareness of the separatist processes disutility for the stable new Russian statehood development.
The article considers the main directions of domestic development of the Soviet historical science, its role in the public life of the post-Stalin period inter - University exchanges, forums and symposiums to discuss the most important theoretical and concrete historical problems. Every five years, regularly gathered the world congresses of historical Sciences.
History of Branch - a consistent way of creating a sustainable open models of domestic higher education, historically proven professional effectiveness and relevance on the part of the individual, society and the state. Innovations born in the Branch of becoming tradition, became the ground for the next innovation.
National-state reorganization of the USSR in 1921-1922 years, was fraught with extreme difficulties. Lenin and his associates did not think about the dangerous for the further development of the Russian state circumstance - the presence inside the camps the large number of small Autonomous formations as a factor of the constant territorial disputes leading to armed conflicts and wars.
according to the author the task of the modern researcher is to identify the features and results of ideological differences Stalin and Lenin, the overcoming of which has prevented the decentralization of the Soviet as the new Russian state. Putting aside Stalin's plan, Lenin started a dangerous experiment with the Russian state, which led to a real threat to the integrity of the RSFSR.
according to the author national history nowadays plays an important role in citizens’ self-determination: it helps a modern person to realize that he is a part of historically developed, civil, ethno-cultural and confessional communities. To solve some problems of modern Russia, it is necessary to summarize Stalin’s political ideas and government activities at a high level.
The hallmark of the updates of the regional system of education became Sevastopol pedagogical College named after P. K. Minkova. The College is a model of multidisciplinary and multi-level educational-methodological and scientific center focused on the training of teachers on the basis of innovative pedagogical and information technologies.
the processes of educational system development in Sevastopol, commonly referred to as modernization, are implemented as a state idea and a state project – “from above”, through the introduction of various innovations. The assessment of outputs and outcomes of innovation is not made from the standpoint of achieving the overall objectives of modernization but from the position of the successful solution of specific problems, which give a fragmentary idea about the current level of the city education system development as a whole.
according to the author, automated information systems play a significant role in successful implementation of the strategy of modern Russian education. The use of information technologies in management in the aspect of improving the quality of education contributes to a change in functional responsibilities and the role of manager, change of organizational structure of management, the emergence of a certain regulation performance, changes in ways of management of an educational institution as a whole.
The purpose of socialization as an educational process in any country is that of German youth to make the Germans, French - French, Chinese - Chinese and Russian - Russian super-ethnic community. In the world still interacting and opposing two opposite ways of life, two ways of life, having two opposite systems of spiritual values and philosophy for two economy, based on liberalism and traditionalism.
the future specialist needs to form general and professional competencies in the learning process, including the system of secondary professional education. The system of dual (practice-oriented) learning is actively developing. The process of practical training is managed under the guidance of college teachers. The role of pedagogical workers of educational institutions on the basis of which the students obtain professional skill is limited by supervision.
the article considers the influence of morality on the effectiveness of economic laws. The thesis of "world unification" based on Western values forms the basis of a deeply racist ideology of Eurocentrism, devoid of scientific content. Western civilization is committed to the expansion and domination, and all of its ideological systems serve the expansionist aims. Science in this case disappears as a philosophical science of the laws of the country, becoming obsequious servant of the latter-day "masters of the world." In today's world there are two opposite groups of principles that drive the...
The implementation of the state science and technology policy in the 1990s was closely linked to the process of political reform. The scientific analysis of the role of the state in these processes is of special, not only theoretical, but also practical interest, including the study of the process of Russia's inclusion in the context of the world scientific and technological development in the 1990s. As a result of economic reforms, the scientific potential of the country was significantly undermined.
pedagogical workers of Sevastopol city expect that their professional trajectory will take into account their educational needs. The author of the article noted that the Institute of education development at the department of education of Sevastopol city will be able to develop personalized further training programs for pedagogical workers for each specific educational organization of the city.